Genres of survival: films for educational and informative purposes

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Zágoni Bálint calls courageous Janovics film projects when he presents his addresses sent to the Romanian government (2015. 117). Because in 1934 and 1935, Janovics offers the services of the Romanian Ministry of Education: presenting, in the first phase, the projects of educational films and cultural films. Then, it comes with a new plan about setting up a Romanian film factory at a national level. Make a visit to for the perfect result.

His Films

His detailed plan also mentions the financial part of the film production (commercials, rental, customs for foreign films), but also specifies content aspects (national themes, dubbing, the making of cultural films). His plan for educational films was accepted, being ordered numerous films with cultural content. During the same period, Janovics also managed to collaborate with the Hungarian Ministry of Cults, which entrusted him with the task of filming for the Hungarian school youth, the old Hungarian true image of Transylvania, the geography, the natural beauty, the cities, the churches, the historical monuments and all the landmarks. historical and literary.

His Films and Education

The plan of the educational films proposed for the Romanian schools probably accentuates the educational aspect and the expressiveness of the film more, but, since these films are missing, it is not known what the differences between the films made for the two beneficiaries are. As a result of his request from 1934, he made the following films in 1935: The Road Between Stana de Vale and Oradea, Abrud, Roşia Montană, Câmpeni, Oil Production, Brăila Industria Sârmei SA, Salt Mine from Ocna Mureş. Deva, Orastie, Costesti, Densus, Sarmisegetuza, Hunedoara, Sulfuric acid factory and chemical products from Baia Mare, the surroundings of the Big Bath, the Hill of the Cross, Three prelates to Rimetea. Of the films listed, only the film about the wire factory exists today at the National Film Archives.

Cinema program in Keleti Újság, 1938

In January 1939, he told the MFI that he had finished a film about Rimetea and made some pictures from other cities. It also offers an older film about Cluj, as an educational film, entitled Magyar képek Erdélyből, which presents aerial images, city images, music circles and graves in the Central Cemetery. But the undisturbed collaboration was interrupted by the bureaucracy: the scripts could easily be written by the holders of operating licenses, issued by the Chamber of Cinematographic Art. He obtained his license in October 1939 and went on to write the script for the poems (Petfői Sándor: Péter bátya, Ady Endre: Két kurucz beszélget and Kalota partján ), while he had to revise all his plans due to the second arbitration. from Vienna.

In his letter to the MFI in September 1940, he proposed the establishment of a subsidiary in Cluj, which would distribute Hungarian films and news on the re-attached territories, make cultural films and news and work as a film laboratory. “I have been living in Transylvania for 40 years, I know all the cushions, I filmed all the corners, during the peace period, I was in all the cities and theaters in Transylvania, I know all the movie theaters here, so I think I can offer an objective perspective on what can be done and what needs to be done here. Transylvania offers great possibilities and a lot of fantasy, which the MFI should take advantage of before other companies appear, which have only commercial interests. “(18 September 1940)